Tuberculosis: Infectious disease spread by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis, transferred through respiratory droplets.
Symptoms: Fatigue, anorexia, cough, chest pain, night sweats, chills, sputum, crackles heard on auscultation
Diagnostics: Mantoux test: 0.1 ml of M. tuberculosis. PPD test in 48–72 hours after administration. TB is confirmed through a series of sputum test known as acid fast bacilli. three sputum test need to be positive to make a diagnosis of TB. if these tests are positive, a chest x-ray is done to confirm the results.
Drug Therapy: Four different multiresistant drugs are used with TB patients: (a) isoniazid (also known as INH), (b) rifampin (Rifadin), (c) pyrazinamide, and (d) ethambutol (Myambutol).
Nursing Care: Explain to the patient the importance of complying with drug therapy to decrease symptoms. medication is usually taken for 6–12 months, with the sputum checked every 2 to 4 weeks. Patients are placed in a private negative pressure ̨ room, and droplet precautions are maintained when hospitalized. An N95 mask is worn when entering the room.