ARDS: Respiratory acidosis and fluid in the lungs.
Signs and Symptoms: Cyanosis, SOB, fatigue, decreased O2, chest pain
Diagnostics: Chest x-ray (with infiltrates bilaterally seen) and ABGs
Complications: Pulmonary collapse, restrictive lung disease
Drug Therapy: Antibiotics, diuretics, vasopressors, pulmonary vasodilators; in severe cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Nursing Care: Mechanical ventilation is needed for these patients; patient teaching is important. O2 therapy is needed. Proper nutrition along with hydration is needed to maintain adequate energy. Proper administration of medication and patient/family teaching is needed.